Rank system in aikido - kyu and given

The system of ranks in Aikido is divided into two types: student's, the so-called "кю", And workshops -"day". There are 6 student degrees (from 6 to 1 kyu), but there can be up to 10 student degrees in children’s groups (from 10 to 1 kyu). The degrees of "Dan" in Aikido 10, in contrast to "kyu", the level of "Dana" grows according to its ordinal number; the youngest "Dan" - the first, the oldest - the tenth.

The category of students with one of the kyu - degrees covers those practicing Aikido who have not yet reached the grade of 1 dan and thus have not received a black belt. According to their degree of experience, they are subdivided into ranks, which usually begin with the 6th kyu discharge (lowest) and progress upward to the 1st kyu discharge. In some Aikido clubs, all students below 1st dan (sedan) wear white belts with the shape, regardless of the kyu degree they have achieved. Other clubs, however, use different colored belts to denote different degrees of kyu, as in many other martial arts.

Dan grades are assigned to Aikido practitioners in accordance with their personal qualities, technical skills and in accordance with the conditions of admission, the category of “Dan” grades unites those students who have been assigned a black belt. According to their experience and skill, they are also subdivided into degrees that progress upwards from 1st dan (sedan) to 9th dan (kydan) and above. The founder of this art and his son, according to Japanese tradition, are above the ranking system. Pupils who have achieved a degree given from 1st dan and above wear a black belt with a shape (gi) and under skirt-like trousers (hakama) inherited from samurai who wore them in martial arts. However, there are some clubs where all students, regardless of category or grade, are hakamas, the same applies to those who study Japanese archery (kyudo), Japanese fencing (kendo), etc.

There are different programs in different schools of Aikido, but there are 3 standard criteria according to which Sensei usually evaluates students during exams: Tai (physical training), Zhi (technical level) and Shin (intellectual level of an applicant). The assignment of data usually speaks about the relative mastery of the techniques of this or that Aikido school and about the awareness of the practice of Aikido itself. Also, the assignment given in Aikido performs an incentive function: it inspires and morally supports the practitioners of Aikido.

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